In Uttar Pradesh's Kannauj, women form 'Green Gang' to take on abusers in rough and ready manner

Saurabh Sharma | Aug 23, 2018 | 7 min read


Tirwa, Kannauj: "Jab Anguri ki lathi chalti hai, tab kisi neta ka phone aur police ka raub kaam nahi aata hai (Neither a politician nor a policeman can throw their weight around once Anguri's baton works)," says Anguri Dahadiya, the founder of Green Gang.

The members of her group can easily be identified by their attire — a green saree with a lathi as their accessory. On July 17, around 15 Green Gang members gathered a few kilometres from the Kannauj district headquarters after they learnt that a newly married woman was facing domestic abuse allegedly at the hands of her in-laws because of dowry and other demands.

The group starts walking towards Bholeshwar temple sloganeering, "Green Gang zindabad. Jo khud ko samjhe gunda hai, uske liye hamare pass danda hai (Hail Green gang! We deal with rogues with a baton).These women believe in immediate resolution of problems and act upon the instructions of their leader without any question. Dahadiya leads the march with bullish strides, occasionally scolding gang members and maintaining her angry demeanour throughout. She hardly smiles. After marching for almost two kilometres from the Tirwa intersection, they reach the house of the victim and are initially not allowed to meet the woman. Dahadiya remains persistent and the family is forced to buckle under pressure.

When the members question the victim over the scars on her face and body, she denies any harassment by her in-laws. A drop of tear then rolls down the victim's cheek and Dahadiya swings into action. She slaps the husband and the gang follows her lead. After receiving a few blows from these female vigilantes, the family accepts their fault, promises to treat the victim like their own daughter and never demand dowry from her.

The case is solved. This is how the Green Gang works.

When Anguri meets Phulan

The Green Gang was formed by Dahadiya in 2010 after her house was seized by an influential person in Kannauj. "We were already languishing in poverty when they drove us out from our own house. We had no money to get the property registered in our name and that was our fault. Those who removed us were powerful people and are still living here. So, I decided to become Phulan Devi at first," she says.

"I was angry. My husband was on his deathbed and my family, including my three young kids, was on the road with no roof over our heads. I then stole some mustard from a farm nearby to feed my family. It made me think. If I become Phulan Devi, then my family will also suffer a lot. So I dropped that plan and formed the Green Gang instead," she says adding that the tribe has been growing despite the difficulties. Currently, the 14,400-member team operates in more than 14 districts of Uttar Pradesh and solves around 4-5 cases per month on an average.

Dahadiya says she travels in trains to unknown destinations to recruit more members. "Train is the best place to interact with strangers. Often, people recognise me and I request them to get me in touch with a few vocal women of their villages and arrange a meeting with them. I then visit those places and tell them about our gang. The interested ones join the gang and they are asked to find more members. Our gang never takes money for joining or solving any problems but yes we accept donations because we have a few bills to pay," she says. Once a member joins the gang, they are asked to come for the meetings and do the required work which involves going to the spot for solving issues or carrying out surveys. Since Dahadiya believes in empowering women, only female members accompany her on outdoor cases. Often, people who benefit from the gang's services end up being a part of it.

Take the case of Rashmi Yadav resident of Tirwa  and her husband Umesh Yadav. The couple joined Green Gang after Dahadiya helped Rashmi in dealing with her in-laws who had allegedly assaulted her for dowry and kicked her out of the house in 2016"Anguri is more than a parent for me. She is no less than a god. I remember that my in-laws kicked me out in torn clothes. My body was exposed to everyone in the neighborhood. Anguri maai came to my rescue," recalls Rashmi adding that the couple attends all group meetings to help others.

"Bringing women together was never an easy job. People hesitate coming out of their homes or to share their problems with us," says Dahadiya"Jab ham logo ke ghar jaate hai aur mahilao ko hamare gang se jodne ka agrah karte hai tab wo kehte hai ki behen ji aapka Green Gang aapko mubarak ho. Log aaj bhi Green Gang se judne me jhijhakte hai (When we visit different families and ask women to join our group, they refuse it. Women are still hesitant to join us)," she adds.

Reasons for this could also include the group's idea of conflating vigilantism with women empowerment. While speaking to this reporter, Anguri talks about a case where they thrashed a 26 woman after she was found to be adulterous by the gang. "She came back to her maternal home and was adamant on not going back with her husband despite several requests. Through the investigation conducted by us, we came to know that the woman was having affair with a married man from a different village. The woman used to go and meet him every second day. We tried to explain to the woman that the man was using her but she was mad and never paid any heed to our advice," says Dahadiya.

"We decided to teach her a lesson as everyone in her family was very upset due to this. It took me just three-four slaps and few blows by the Green Gang members. The woman is now living happily with her husband and will soon be a mother. She recently visited me and apologised for her past," claims Anguri. "When we get a case, I never jump to conclusions on my own. I investigate it first by sending one team on the ground and assigning the other to work as undercover agents. Later, the gang comes into action to fix the problem. Though I've been to jail many times, I am not afraid of it," she says claiming that once she slapped a government officer and made him wear petticoat, bangles, and make-up for using cuss words for them. "I am not going to stop fighting for women," she declares defiantly. 

'Reduction in atrocities against women in gang's territory'

"Six FIRs were lodged against me but they eventually got scrapped because police never found any proof against me. I was never wrong. Yes, we were violent a couple of times but that was for the betterment of the society and the victim's family. We aren't scared," says the 50-year-old.

According to Pankaj Srivastava, a local stringer who has been covering the gang for the past few years, Dahadiya is doing a very good job in empowering women and standing with them when no one else dares to. "The only problem with Anguri is that she gets violent while listening or solving the cases due to which she has to go to jail. She is a good lady and always tries to do justice with the victims but she is misunderstood because of her violent behaviour," he says. 

Kannauj SP Kirit Kumar is of the same opinion. "The problem arises when they try to take the law into their hands. Taking lathis is considered to be the sign of women empowerment but this is not fully true. This definition needs to be changed," he says adding that despite that, these women are doing good work. "At times they have also helped the police. There has been a reduction in cases of atrocities against women in the areas where the gang operates. Before coming to the police, people try to solve the matter through mutual consent with the help of Green Gang which is good."

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